admire(= respect / praise)vt.羡慕,钦佩,夸奖

admire sb.(for sth.)佩服某人某事

Visitors to Beijing greatly admire our Palace Museum. 去北京的游人极其羡慕我们的故宫。

I admire him for his wisdom.我佩服他的智慧。 别忘了夸奖孩子。

对比:envy(= jealous)vt.嫉妨,羡慕

envy sb.(sth.)嫉妒/羡慕某人某事 We all envy you your good future. 我们都很羡慕你的好运。


affect(=have an effect on sth.)vt.影响(effect n.影响)

This may affect your health. 这或许会影响你的健康。

My throat is always affected by bad weather.我的嗓子总是受恶劣天气的影响。


1)“be afraid of+名词”,意为“害怕”。

2)“be afraid of doing sth”意为“担心,害怕……”。

3)“be afraid for…”意为“为……担心。”

4)“be afraid that…”意为“担心,恐怕”。

5)“be afraid to do ”意为“害怕,担心而不敢做某事”。

6)I’m afraid so/not.恐怕是这样/恐怕不会这样


①女孩子一般都怕蛇。Girls are usually______ _____snakes.

②他怕把杯子打碎,因而很小心。He was careful because he was afraid______ _____the glass.

③你不为自己的安全担心吗?Are you afraid_______your safety?

④恐怕她会迷路。I am _____ _____she will lose her way.

⑤汤姆把钱丢了,也不敢告诉他母亲。Tom lost the money and was afraid________ ______his mother.

Key:①afraid,of ②of,breaking ③for ④afraid,that ⑤to tell


n.名词 pron.代词 adj.形容词 adv.副词 v.动词 vi.不 vt. 及物动词

prep.介词 conj.连词 interj.感叹词

A unable ability n. disable vt.使残废 disabled adj.残废的

2.about be about to do sth.即将做......

3.above---below over---under

4.accept ~ A as B 把A当作B接受/接纳 cf. receive

5.accident accidental adj.偶然的;偶发的 by ~/chance偶然地

6.ache n./ vi. toothache backache headache

7.across---through across the world=all over the world

8.act v./n. action n. active adj. actively adv. activity n.活动

act as...扮演;充当 be active in...=take an active part in...积极参加 act...out表演出

9.actual adj. actually adv.事实上

10.add v. addition n. additional adj.附加的;额外的

add to sth.增强 add A to B把A加到B上去 add...up把......加起来

add up to sth.合计为;意思是 in addition=what’s more=besides而且

11.admire vt. admiration n. admirer n. ~ sb. for sth因......钦佩某人 in admiration钦佩地 12.admit vt.承认;录取 admit doing sth. be admitted into a college被......录取

13.advance v. advanced adj.先进的;高级的 in ~ = ahead of time提前

14.advice u.n. advise vt. give sb. advice on sth. advise sb. to do sth./ advise doing sth.

cf. advise与persuade

15.affair n.事物 family/foreign/love ~sadmire的用法。

16.afford vt. can ~ (to do) sth.

17.afraid adj. I’m ~ so/not.恐怕是这样/不是这样。

18.Africa n. African n./adj. Asia---Asian America---American Australia---Australian Austria---Austrian奥地利人(的) Canada---Canadian

19.again ~ and ~=over and over=time and again反复地 once ~=once more=~又一次

20.three years ago (一般过去时) three years before(过去完成时)

21.agree vt. agreement n.协议 agreeable adj.可爱的

~ to sth.同意某事 ~ on sth(经讨论)达成共识 ~ with sb.同意某人

come to/arrive at/reach an agreement达成协议

22.agriculture n. agricultural adj. industry---industrial

23.aim n./v. ~ at...瞄准;意思是

24.alive adj.(表语形容词) eat sth ~ bury sb. ~ catch sb. ~

Cf. living活着的 live现场直播的 lively活泼的

25.air n. in the ~在空中 on the ~在播出 by ~乘飞机

26.allow vt. allowance n.补助金;补贴

~ sb. to do sth. ~ doing sth. ~ for...考虑到;酌量 Smoking is not ~ed here.

27.almost adv.几乎(可接否定词) nearly adv.(不接否定词) 28.alone adj./adv.独自的;单独的 lonely adj.寂寞的;孤独的

29.along adv./ prep. all ~=all the time一直

30.although conj.虽然;尽管 though conj. 虽然;尽管 though adv.尽管如此(句末)

31.anger n. angry adj. hunger n. hungry adj.

32.announce vt. announcement n. make an announcement

33.another pron. one after ~= one by one another three chairs= three more/ other chairs

34.always adv. for ~/ good/ ever永远 He is ~ talking in class.(反感) He is ~ asking clever questions.(赞扬)

35.answer n./v. the ~ to the question in ~ to响应;回答

~ the door/phone/letter ~ for=be responsible for为......负责

36.anxious adj.急切的;焦虑的 anxiety n.

be ~ to do sth.迫切要去做...... be ~ about..=worry about/ be worried about...担心

He is too ~ to leave the lonely island.(too...to与anxious连用不表示否定)

37.any常用在否定句、疑问句、条件句中 Come to me if you have any question.

no=not any全否 He has no brothers.= He has not any brothers.

38.apologize/apologise v.道歉 apology n.

~ to sb. for doing sth.=make an apology to sb. for doing sth.因某事向某人道歉

39.argue v.辩论;说服 argument n. ~ with sb. about sth. cf. debate quarrel

40.arm n. arms n.武器;怀抱 take sb. by the ~拉住某人的胳膊 ~ in ~

carry sth in one’s ~s抱着...... ~s sale军火销售 be armed to the teeth武装到牙齿 n.军队;群 an ~ of ants一大群蚂蚁

42.arrive vi.到达 arrival n. ~ at a conclusion得出结论 ~ at an agreement达成协议 ~at/ in sp.

cf. reach vt. come vi. n. artist n. artistic adj.艺术的 artificial adj.人工的;人造的 fine ~s美术

44.article n.文章;件 an ~ of clothing/ furniture prep.作为 work ~... serve ~... act ~... be famous ~... use A ~ B

accept/regard/ treat/consider/ think of/ look at/take A ~ B把A当作B

~ it is事实上 mistake A ~ B误以为A是B

as conj.按照;像 Dance ~ I showed you.


as conj.随着;一边......一边 As time goes by, he has come to love Ningbo as his second hometown.

He usually does his homework ~ he listens to music.

as conj.虽然;尽管(倒装语序) Clever ~ you are, you have to work harder to fulfill your dream.

Fast ~ you run, you can’t catch me up.=Run ~ you may, you can’t catch me up.

=Fast runner ~ you are, you can’t catch me up.

as conj.像一样He is ~ busy ~ a bee. He did the job ~ well ~ Bob did. ~ Zhao Benshan. Peter is not ~/ so tall as Bill.

as conj.由于 As you go to the bookshop, please get me a Harry Porter VI.

as pron.(引导定语从句) I will buy such a pen ~ you are using. I study in the same school ~ Mary.

Here is so big a stone as no one can lift. cf. Here is so big a stone that no one can lift it.

46.ashamed adj.羞愧的 be ~ of...对感到羞愧

47.ask v. ~ sb. for sth.向某人要...... ~ A after B向A问候B ~ for trouble自寻烦恼

~ sb. to do sth. ~ to do sth. ~ to be done ~ about...询问;打听

48.asleep adj. fall ~ =go to sleep入睡(动作) be ~= sleep睡着(状态) be fast ~睡得香甜

49.assist vt.帮助 assistance n. assistant n.助手 an assistant professor副教授

50.attack v./n. be under ~遭到攻击 an air ~空袭

51.attempt n./v.努力;尝试 ~ to do sth.= make an ~ to do sth. in an ~ to do sth.努力/尝试去做......

52.attend v.出席;照顾 attendant n.服务员 ~ to sb./ sth. 照料;从事;处理

53.attention n. attentive adj.注意力集中的 pay ~ to sth.注意...... draw sb’s ~ (to sth.)吸引某人的注意力(到......)

54.attract vt.吸引 attractive adj.有吸引力的;迷人的 attraction n.吸引(人的人或物)

be attractive to sb.吸引某人 be attracted to sth. 被......吸引

55.average n./adj.平均(的) on (the) ~ 平均(来说) above/below the ~ 在一般平均以上/下

56.awake adj.醒着的 v.醒来(awoke/awoke; awaked/awaked)


1.bad adj. (worse/worst) from ~ to worse每况愈下 go ~ 变质 Not ~.还好

2.badly adv. be ~ ill得了 need sth. ~ 急需 be ~ off生活较差

3.baggage u.n.行李 (=luggage)

4.balloon n.气球

5.bargain v. 讨价还价 n. 讨价还价;便宜货 a real ~便宜货

6.base n. 基地;基础 vt.以......为基础 ~ A on B A以B为基础/依据 be ~d on以......为基础

7.bath n.洗浴 bathe v. be bathed in the sunshine沐浴在阳光之中

8.bear vt.忍受;承受(bore/born-borne) He can’t ~ being looked down upon.

He was born in Shanghai. They have borne three children.

9.beat v.打;击败(beat/beaten) n. beautiful adj. beautifully adv. beautify vt.美化

11.become/became/become link.v.系动词

12.because of=on account of=owing to prep. 由于 She cried because of what I had said about her work.

13.bed n. go to ~ (college/church/court/hospital)(零冠词)强调动作

be in ~ (college/church/court/hospital) 强调状态 make the ~

14.beg v.乞讨;哀求 begging begged beggar n.乞丐 ~ sb. for sth. go ~ging去乞讨

15.begin/began/begun v. beginning beginner初学者 Well begun, half done.良好的开端成功的一半。 to ~ with首先=first of all in the beginning at the beginning of

16.believe vt. belief n.信仰;信念

17.bend/bent/bent v. 弄弯 ~ over sth. 伏在......上面 be bent over......一心想/做

18.besides prep./adv. 除了(以外) B~ English, we study five other subjects.

I don’t like football; ~, the weather is too hot.(=what’s more; in addition ) do/try one’s ~ =do what one can=do everything (that) one can=spare no efforts=go all out尽力

all the best(wishes)祝好

20.better be ~ off富裕 be worse off贫困 had ~ =might as well最好

He’d ~ come earlier, hadn’t he? Better late then never.

21.beyond prep.在......以外 The beauty of the West Lake is ~ description. Sorry. This is ~ my power.

22.bill n.帐单 foot the ~ 埋单

23.biology n.生物学 biological adj.生物学的 biologist n. 生物学家

24.birth n. birthday birthplace at birth天生 give ~ to 生育

25.bite/bit/bit:bitten v.咬 Never bite off more than you can chew.要量力而行。

26.blame vt.责备 be to ~ (for doing sth.)因......而应受责备 ~ sb. for doing sth. 因......而责备 Don’t ~ the child for the broken glass. It was my fault.

I wonder who is to ~ for the broken glass.=I wonder who to ~ for the broken glass.

27.blood n.血 bloody adj.血腥的 bleed v.流血 a bleeding nose a bloody war

28.blow/blew/blown v.吹 ~ up爆炸 ~ sth. up把......炸毁 ~ ...away把吹走

29.boil v. boiling water在沸腾的水 boiled water沸水 boiling hot超热

30.bone n. bony adj.瘦骨嶙峋的=skinny

31.brain n.大脑 brains智力 If only I had your ~s!

32.bottom n.底部 from the ~ of one’s heart 发自内心;衷心地 from top to ~从顶到底 B~ up!干杯!

33.brave adj. bravely adv. bravery n.

34.break/broke/broken v. ~ down出故障;破除 ~ up破坏;解散;开垦 ~ into sp.闯入;侵占

~ the law/rule违反 ~ one’s promise食言 ~ away (of)脱离

~ forth/out爆发 ~ off折断;突然中断 ~ open撬开 ~ with与......断交

c.n.休息 take/have a ~

35.breath n. breathe v. bath---bathe breathless adj.上气不接下气的

hold one’s ~ 屏住呼吸 lose one’s ~上气不接下气(动作) be out of ~上气不接下气(状态)

catch a ~喘口气 breathe one’s last死

36.bring/brought/brought vt. ~ sb. up抚养 ~ sth. up呕吐;提出 bring sth. forward提出

37.Britain n. British adj. the Great Britain大不列颠

38.broad adj.宽阔的 abroad adv.在国外 aboard adv.在船(飞机、火车等)上 broaden vt.拓宽

39.broadcast/broadcast/broadcast vt.广播 ~ sth. live现场直播 Cf. cast/cast/cast forecast/forecast/forecast

40. build/built/built vt.建造;建设 building n. ~ ...up建造 ~ A into B把A建成B

41.burn/burnt/burnt v. ~ sth. up烧光 ~ sth. to the ground=~ sth down夷为平地 It’s ~ing hot.

42.burst vt.爆发;爆炸 ~ sth. up =blow sth. up炸掉 ~ into tears/laughter/cheers

~ out crying/laughing/cheering ~ into...闯入 ~ forth= ~ out= break forth= break out爆发

43.bury vt.埋葬 burial n.葬礼 ~ sb. alive活埋

44.busy adj. business n. Business is business.公事公办 Business before pleasure.先干正事后娱乐

be ~ (in) doing sth.= be busy with sth. go to sp. on business到......出差 get (down) to business 开始干正事

45.but conj. But me no ~s.不要辩解。 but for要不是因为 the last line but two倒数第二行

46.butcher n.屠夫 go to the ~’s去肉店

47.butter n.黄油 vt. I won’t ~ your story.我才不信呢。 prep.乘坐 ~ bus/train/plane/ship/air/sea/water/land on/in a train in a plane

C v./n. ~ for请求;要求;需要;呼吁 ~ at sp.参观 ~ on sb.访问 ~...off取消

~ out大声叫喊 ~ forth...唤起;鼓起(勇气等) call (on) sb. to do sth.号召 v.宿营 n.帐篷 go camping去宿营 n.资本;首都 capitalism n.资本主义 capitalist n.资本主义者 adj. 资本主义的 v. ~ for...喜爱;关心;照管 ~ about...关心;顾虑

care n. take ~ of...照料;照看 take ~当心;保重 under the ~ of在......的照料下

with ~ =carefully小心地;慎重地

5.carpet n.地毯

6.carrot n.胡萝卜

7.caryy vt. ~ sth. in one’s arms抱着 ~ sth. on one’s back背着

~ sth. in one’s hands捧着 ~ sth. in one’s hand拿着

~ sth. out实施;执行 ~ ...away带走;冲昏...的头脑

~ sth. on继续下去 ~ through坚持到底

8.cart n. 马车 Never put the cart before the horse.不要本末倒置 n.情况;案例;病历;箱子 in ~ 万一(可单独使用也可接句子) in ~ of万一(接名词、代词、动名词等) Take an umbrella in ~. Take an umbrella in ~ of rain. Take an umbrella in ~ it rain/in ~ it should(万一) rain. 10.castle n.城堡 a ~ in the air空中楼阁

11.catch/caught/caught vt.抓住 ~ sb. = ~ up with sb.追上 catch sight of突然看到 ~ hold of突然抓住 ~ (a ) cold得感冒 ~ sb.’s attention/ eye吸引的注意力 ~ sb. doing sth.

be caught in a rain遭遇风雨等 be caught in/between the trees卡在树中

12.ceiling n.天花板

13.celebrate v. 庆祝 celebration n. ~ one’s birthday/C

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